The relationship of the Inca and Pre Inca cultures with the ocean and fishing in Peru
The relationship between the ancient cultures of Peru and the sea and fishing is a topic that has been extensively explored over the years. Since pre-Columbian times, the peoples that inhabited the Peruvian coast had a close relationship with the ocean and have utilized its resources to survive and thrive.
The Inca Empire, which existed from the 13th to the 16th century, had a vast territory that included a significant portion of the Pacific coast of South America. The Inca people had a complex system of agriculture, but fishing was also an essential source of food for them. They had developed advanced techniques for fishing, including the use of nets, harpoons, and fish traps.
The pre-Inca cultures that existed before the Inca Empire also had a strong connection to the ocean and fishing. The Moche culture, which existed from the 1st to the 8th century AD, left behind numerous artifacts depicting fishing scenes. They used reed boats to fish in the Pacific Ocean and developed specialized tools for fishing.
The Nazca culture, which existed from the 1st to the 8th century AD, also had a strong connection to the ocean. They built aqueducts to irrigate their crops and used the same technology to bring water to the coastal areas where they fished.
The Chimu culture, which existed from the 12th to the 15th century AD, built an extensive system of canals and reservoirs to manage the flow of water and facilitate fishing. They also built large fishing nets to catch fish and shellfish in the ocean.
The connection between the Inca and pre-Inca cultures and the ocean is evident in their art and mythology. The Inca god Viracocha was believed to have emerged from the sea, and the sea was considered a sacred place. The Moche culture depicted fish and other sea creatures in their pottery and textiles, and the Nazca culture created massive figures in the desert depicting sea creatures such as whales and dolphins.
Today, the ocean and fishing continue to be an essential part of Peruvian culture, particularly along the coast. Tourists can experience this connection by taking a tour of the fishing villages along the coast, visiting fish markets, and even going out on a fishing boat themselves. Peru is also famous for its ceviche, a dish made from raw fish marinated in citrus juice, which is a testament to the importance of fishing in Peruvian cuisine.
In conclusion, the Inca and pre-Inca cultures of Peru had a strong connection to the ocean and fishing, which is evident in their art, mythology, and way of life. This connection is still important today and is an essential part of Peruvian culture. Tourists can experience this connection by exploring the coastal villages and participating in fishing tours, which can make for an unforgettable experience.